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Cryptogambling / What Is Ethereum (ETH)?

What Is Ethereum (ETH)?

Jonas Blackwood
Jonas Blackwood
Publish Date: 19/05/2023

Ethereum is a groundbreaking innovation in the world of digital currency and decentralized technology. As the second-largest cryptocurrency, it has captured the attention of both developers and investors looking to embrace the future of finance. Its unique features and versatile applications make it an attractive asset and key player in the blockchain industry.

Created by Vitalik Buterin and Gavin Wood in 2015, Ethereum grants you the power to maintain control over your digital assets without the need for central authorities. This is made possible through its network and built-in tools, which facilitate secure transactions and communication while ensuring your personal data remains private. Unlike traditional fiat currencies, Ethereum’s native token, ether (ETH), lets you manage your own funds and wallet without the involvement of third parties.

At its core, Ethereum offers a decentralized platform for developers to create and deploy smart contracts and decentralized applications (dApps), fostering a more inclusive, transparent financial ecosystem. With the continued growth and adoption of Ethereum, you have the opportunity to explore new possibilities and actively participate in the evolving digital economy.

Understanding Ethereum and Ether

Ethereum Blockchain

Ethereum is a decentralized and open-source platform built on blockchain technology. As you interact with the Ethereum network, you’ll notice that it enables the creation, management, and execution of smart contracts and decentralized applications (dApps). What sets Ethereum apart from other blockchain networks is its ability to support and process complex programming languages, fostering innovation and user empowerment.

While Ethereum provides the underlying infrastructure, the network relies on its native cryptocurrency, Ether (ETH), to function seamlessly. This is where the crucial relationship between Ethereum and Ether comes into play.

Ether (ETH)

ETH is the digital currency native to the Ethereum blockchain. It serves as both a tradable cryptocurrency and “fuel” for the network. When you initiate transactions, execute smart contracts, or interact with dApps, you’ll use Ether to cover the associated computational fees. This concept is often referred to as “Gas,” which ensures that the Ethereum network remains efficient and secure.

As a scarce digital asset, ETH offers some distinct advantages over traditional currencies including:

  • Decentralization: Ethereum is not controlled by any single authority or organization, ensuring that no single party can manipulate or censor transactions.
  • Security: The Ethereum blockchain’s decentralized nature and the cryptographic functions employed make it resistant to hacking and fraud attempts.
  • Ownership and control: You’re in complete control of your ETH holdings and transactions, with no need for third parties like banks or payment processors.

By understanding the Ethereum blockchain and the role of Ether (ETH) within it, you’ll be better equipped to navigate the world of decentralized digital applications and currencies. Remember to always conduct due diligence and educate yourself further before participating in any blockchain technologies.

Creation and Founders

Ethereum, a decentralized platform allowing the creation of smart contracts and decentralized applications (DApps), was conceived in 2013 by programmer Vitalik Buterin. As you explore Ethereum’s origins, you’ll discover that it was developed by a team of founders which included other prominent figures such as Gavin Wood, Charles Hoskinson, Anthony Di Iorio, and Joseph Lubin.

In 2014, the development of Ethereum began in earnest and was supported by a crowdfunding campaign. Your interest might be piqued by the fact that the Ethereum network went live on 30 July 2015, marking a significant milestone in the world of cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology.

As one of the key contributors to Ethereum’s formation, Vitalik Buterin brought forth the innovative idea of a “World Computer” that would enable decentralized applications and smart contracts to be built on top of the blockchain. His dedication and insight continue to influence the direction of the project today.

Another important figure in Ethereum’s early days was Gavin Wood, who not only contributed to the development of the platform but also helped define the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) and Solidity programming language. Wood’s expertise shaped the foundation of Ethereum and allowed developers to create the complex smart contracts and DApps you see today.

To understand Ethereum fully, it’s essential to know that the project was built on collaboration, with each founder playing a vital role. Over time, some founders pursued other interests or started rival blockchain projects, but their contributions to Ethereum’s creation remain significant.

In summary, Ethereum’s creation and growth are the result of the combined efforts of its visionary founders. As you delve deeper into the world of Ethereum, you’ll find that figures like Vitalik Buterin and Gavin Wood have paved the way for a revolutionary technology that now powers a host of applications, from decentralized finance to non-fungible tokens.

Smart Contracts and Decentralized Applications (DApps)

Smart Contract on the Blockchain

Smart Contract on the Blockchain are very safe

Smart Contracts

Smart contracts are programs that run on the Ethereum blockchain. They are collections of code (functions) and data (state) that reside at specific addresses on the Ethereum network. As a developer, you can create, deploy, and interact with smart contracts through transactions.

Smart contracts are a type of Ethereum account, so they have a balance and can be the target of transactions. They run on the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM), a decentralized “world computer” where computing power is provided by Ethereum nodes. Nodes that provide computing power are compensated in Ether tokens.

Some key features of smart contracts:

  • Transparent: Smart contract codes are visible on the blockchain, ensuring transparency and trust.
  • Autonomous: Smart contracts execute functions automatically when specific conditions are met.
  • Tamper-proof: Once deployed, smart contracts cannot be altered or manipulated.


Decentralized applications (DApps) are software applications that run on a distributed network. These applications are not hosted on a centralized server but instead on a peer-to-peer decentralized network, such as Ethereum.

DApps built on Ethereum can interact with smart contracts, allowing them to leverage the benefits of a decentralized platform. Some properties of DApps include:

  • Open-source: DApps are typically open-source, allowing anyone to review and contribute to the codebase.
  • Decentralized: DApps run on a distributed network, ensuring there is no central point of failure or control.
  • Token-based economy: DApps often have their own native tokens or utilize Ethereum’s native token (Ether) for transactions and incentives.

As a developer, when you build a DApp on Ethereum, you can take advantage of the powerful combination of smart contracts and a decentralized network to create secure, transparent, and efficient applications that have the potential to disrupt traditional industries.

Ethereum 2.0 and Proof of Stake

Upgrades to Ethereum

Ethereum 2.0 represents a significant upgrade to the Ethereum network, aiming to improve its security and scalability. This upgrade involves a shift from the current mining model, known as Proof-of-Work, to a new model called Proof-of-Stake (PoS) that focuses on staking and validators.

Staking and Validators

In Ethereum 2.0, you can participate in the network by staking your ETH. When you stake 32 ETH, you activate validator software. As a validator, you are responsible for storing data, processing transactions, and adding new blocks to the blockchain, which helps to keep Ethereum secure for everyone and enables you to earn new ETH in the process.

Some of the reasons you might consider staking your Ethereum include:

  • Earning rewards and passively generating income
  • Supporting the Ethereum network and its security
  • Better environmental sustainability than Proof-of-Work mining

Consensus Mechanism

With Ethereum’s transition to the Proof-of-Stake model, the network uses a new consensus mechanism relying on validators who stake their ETH into a smart contract. The staked ETH acts as collateral that can be destroyed if you, as a validator, act dishonestly or without actively fulfilling your responsibilities.

This new consensus mechanism aims to:

  • Improve network security and resilience against attacks
  • reduce the energy consumption associated with mining
  • Allow for greater decentralization and protection against centralization of mining power

By understanding and participating in Ethereum 2.0 and Proof of Stake, you contribute to a more secure and sustainable network while potentially earning rewards for your role as a validator.

ETH and the Crypto Market

Market Capitalization

Ethereum (ETH) is a significant player in the crypto market, being the second most popular cryptocurrency after Bitcoin. Its market capitalization represents a considerable portion of the overall cryptocurrency market. As an investor, understanding ETH’s market cap helps you gauge its dominance and potential for growth compared to other cryptocurrencies.

Price and Value

ETH’s price is determined by supply and demand dynamics in various crypto exchanges, like Coinbase, where investors can trade it for USD and other currencies. The value of ETH is driven by its utility as the native token of the Ethereum blockchain, which enables decentralized applications and smart contracts.


When investing in ETH, consider its role in the cryptocurrency market and how it fits into your overall investment strategy. ETH’s scarcity and utility make it a valuable addition to your digital asset portfolio. However, like any investment, it’s essential to understand the risks and conduct thorough research before investing your funds.


In the Ethereum ecosystem, various tokens can be built on top of the blockchain. These tokens serve different purposes, from representing assets to facilitating specific functionality within decentralized applications. Through Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) or token sales, investors can acquire these tokens, adding another layer of potential value to the Ethereum network.

To invest in ETH or manage your existing crypto holdings, you can use platforms like Coinbase or other crypto exchanges. Always remember to store your investments securely in a digital wallet to maintain control over your funds and minimize the risk of third-party intervention.

Working With Ethereum

Man standing with smartphone in busy street market

Transactions and Gas Fees

When you’re using Ethereum, transactions are an essential component. To execute a transaction (e.g., sending ether or interacting with a smart contract), you’ll need to pay a fee called “gas.” Gas fees depend on the network’s congestion and are typically denominated in Gwei (1 Gwei = 0.000000001 ETH). These fees help to compensate miners and validators for securing the network.

Wallets and Private Keys

To interact with the Ethereum network, you need a digital wallet. This wallet stores your private keys, which are like your personal, secret password. Your private keys are necessary to sign transactions and control your assets on the network. It’s crucial never to share them with anyone and always keep a secure backup.

There are various types of wallets available:

  • Hardware wallets: These are physical devices that store your private keys offline, offering the highest security level.
  • Software wallets: These are applications that can be installed on your computer or phone, providing a good balance between security and convenience.
  • Web wallets: These are the most accessible wallet options available but generally provide a lower level of security compared to other wallet types.


Cryptocurrency exchanges are platforms where you can trade Ethereum (ETH) and other cryptocurrencies. To start trading, you’ll first need to create an account and complete a verification process. Once your account is set up, you can deposit your crypto or fiat currency and start trading.

There are two main types of exchanges:

  • Centralized exchanges (CEX): These platforms require you to deposit your funds into their wallets and act as custodians of your assets. They generally provide a user-friendly interface, higher liquidity, and a diverse range of trading pairs.
  • Decentralized exchanges (DEX): These platforms operate without a central authority, enabling you to trade directly from your wallet without relinquishing control of your assets. They offer increased security and privacy but may have lower liquidity and fewer trading pairs compared to CEXs.

Remember to stay cautious when trading on exchanges and always keep the majority of your funds in a secure wallet to minimize risks.

DeFi, NFTs, and Other Applications

Phone with crypto Application open

Decentralized Finance (DeFi)

Decentralized finance (DeFi) is a collective term for financial products and services that are accessible to anyone who can use Ethereum. With DeFi, the markets are always open, and there are no centralized authorities who can block payments or deny you access to anything. DeFi platforms are reinventing traditional financial products and services by adding programmable, decentralized, and censorship-resistant features. Here are some examples:

  • Lending: You can lend your assets on various DeFi platforms and earn interest. Some popular platforms include Aave and Compound.
  • Stablecoins: Stablecoins are cryptocurrencies pegged to a stable asset, typically a currency like USD. They help you avoid the volatility of other cryptocurrencies while participating in DeFi. Examples include DAI, USDC, and USDT.
  • Decentralized exchanges (DEX): Unlike centralized exchanges, DEXs allow you to trade cryptocurrencies without relinquishing control over your assets. Examples include Uniswap and SushiSwap.

Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs)

Non-fungible tokens (NFTs) are unique digital assets that can represent a wide range of items, both digital and physical. By using Ethereum’s blockchain as a public ledger, NFTs give you the ability to assign or claim ownership of any unique piece of digital data. Some examples of items that can be represented as NFTs include:

  • Digital art and collectibles
  • Music and videos
  • Real-world items, such as properties or collectibles

NFTs have gained popularity due to their versatility and ability to capture value for scarce digital assets, creating new markets and opportunities for artists, creators, and collectors.


The metaverse is a collective virtual space created by the convergence of physical and augmented reality, often powered by blockchain technology. In the context of Ethereum, the metaverse has been accelerated by the growth of NFTs and DeFi, creating new possibilities for digital ownership, trade, and virtual experiences.

Some popular metaverse platforms built on Ethereum include Decentraland, Cryptovoxels, and The Sandbox. These platforms allow you to participate in various activities like exploring virtual worlds, creating and trading digital assets, and attending virtual events.

As you explore Ethereum’s applications in DeFi, NFTs, and the metaverse, remember that each platform and use case has its risks and opportunities. Always do your due diligence and learn more about the projects you’re interested in before making any decisions.

Things to Consider Before Investing in Ethereum

a businessman is pointing at a growth chart

Before diving into Ethereum investments, it’s essential to consider some critical factors that might impact your decision.

Security and Hacks

When investing in Ethereum, you should be aware of the potential security risks. The Ethereum network itself has demonstrated robust security; however, third-party platforms built on Ethereum have experienced hacks and breaches. To safeguard your investment, consider using reputable wallets and exchanges, and enable two-factor authentication wherever possible.

  • Utilize secure wallets and exchanges
  • Enable two-factor authentication
  • Stay informed about potential security risks

Risk and Volatility

Ethereum, like other cryptocurrencies, is highly volatile. The value of Ether (ETH) can go up and down significantly, and there is no guarantee that you’ll get back the amount you’ve invested. Therefore, it’s essential to understand the risks involved and only invest money that you can afford to lose.

Some investment advice you could follow:

  • Diversify your portfolio: Avoid investing all your assets in Ethereum as diversification can help manage risk.
  • Stay informed about market trends: Keeping up with cryptocurrency news and trends can help you make more informed decisions.
  • Consider investing in stablecoins if you’re looking for security; these assets are designed to maintain a stable value to decrease risks associated with volatility.

In conclusion, understanding the potential security risks and being prepared for market volatility are crucial steps to take before investing in Ethereum. By following the tips provided, you can better position yourself to make informed decisions and safeguard your investments.

Ethereum vs. Other Cryptocurrencies

In this section, we will compare Ethereum (ETH) with two of its biggest competitors in the crypto market: Bitcoin and Binance Coin.


Ethereum and Bitcoin are often compared, as they are the two largest cryptocurrencies by market capitalization. While Ethereum powers decentralized applications through its smart contracts, Bitcoin is primarily a digital currency used for transactions.

Here are some notable differences between Ethereum and Bitcoin:

  • Purpose: Ethereum is designed for building decentralized applications with smart contracts, whereas Bitcoin is a digital currency that enables peer-to-peer transactions.
  • Smart Contracts: Ethereum supports the creation and execution of smart contracts, while Bitcoin does not have native support for this feature.
  • Transaction Speed: Ethereum generally has faster transaction times compared to Bitcoin, making it more suitable for real-time applications.
  • Supply: Bitcoin has a capped supply of 21 million coins, while Ethereum does not have a fixed supply cap.

Binance Coin

Binance Coin (BNB) is the native token of the Binance Exchange, one of the largest cryptocurrency exchanges in the world. BNB has gained popularity among investors and traders for its utility and potential for growth.

Here’s how Ethereum compares to Binance Coin:

  • Purpose: Ethereum is focused on providing a platform for decentralized applications and smart contracts, while Binance Coin is specifically tailored for the Binance ecosystem, offering benefits such as reduced trading fees.
  • Scalability: Binance Smart Chain, the blockchain that powers BNB, claims to be more scalable and have faster transaction times than Ethereum.
  • Smart Contracts: Both Ethereum and Binance Smart Chain support smart contracts, allowing decentralized applications to be built on their respective platforms.
  • Popularity: Ethereum is more widely recognized and adopted, while Binance Coin is primarily used within the Binance ecosystem.

Ethereum, Bitcoin, and Binance Coin all have unique features and use cases, positioning them differently within the cryptocurrency market. Depending on your needs and priorities, each of these cryptocurrencies may have different levels of attractiveness. As you continue exploring the crypto market, it’s important to understand the differences and potential benefits each of these major cryptocurrencies offers.


In understanding Ethereum (ETH), it’s essential to recognize its role as a blockchain network that enables decentralized applications and contracts to be built. As the platform’s native cryptocurrency, Ether (ETH) is the second-most valuable token in the market. Ethereum’s unique capabilities set it apart from other blockchain technologies, providing users with the freedom to create and interact with various decentralized systems.

Throughout your exploration of Ethereum (ETH), you’ve learned that it’s more than just a cryptocurrency. It serves a critical function within the Ethereum network as it powers various decentralized applications and smart contracts. This flexibility allows for the development of innovative solutions in various industries, enhancing the way people transact and communicate without being controlled by a central authority.

In conclusion, take what you’ve learned here and test your knowledge of Ethereum. By having a solid understanding of Ethereum (ETH) and its unique features, you’ll be well-equipped to navigate the ever-evolving world of blockchain technology and decentralized systems. Remember, as you continue to learn and engage with Ethereum, always maintain a neutral and clear approach, avoiding any exaggerated or false claims. Happy exploring!

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